Curriculum and Teaching Tools
Ready-to-use resources for the educator in sex and gender based health. Can be used as stand-alone presentations, or easily integrated into your own program.
- CURRICULUM TOOLS AND TOOL KITS — Journal searches, videos, and learning modules organized by health condition
- PEER REVIEWED LECTURE SERIES — Basic sex and gender based health courses and a series in Emergency Medicine
- CURRICULUM GUIDES AND EXAMPLES — Curriculum guides and programs in general women’s health, medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, etc.
- SURVEYS AND EVALUATIONS OF CURRICULA — Surveys and evaluations of curricula regarding sex and gender competencies
- CONCEPTUAL MODELS — Philosophy and the Biopsychosocial Model relevant to sex and gender based health
- ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGIES — Guides for how to integrate sex and gender content into your organization’s curriculum
Curriculum Tools and Tool Kits
Journal searches, videos, and learning modules organized by health condition
The Sex and Gender Specific Health website’s resources page contains a PubMed search tool to find articles showing sex and gender differences for health conditions. Basic and advanced PubMed tools are available, as well as instructions for use. Click on Literature Search & Database Resources.
Free videos are available to download by health condition from the Sex and Gender Health Website sponsored by the Laura W. Bush Institute for Women’s Health.
This library provides sex and gender difference information relevant to a variety of health and lifestyle topics as well as useful health tips.
Free interactive learning modules are available to download by health condition from the Sex and Gender Health Website sponsored by the Laura W. Bush Institute for Women’s Health.
Free clinical cases are available to download by health condition from the Sex and Gender Health Website sponsored by the Laura W. Bush Institute for Women’s Health.
The cases are examples of Interprofessional Education, Problem Based Learning, and Simulation cases in which appropriate sex and gender differences have been included. These cases serve as an example of how to thread sex and gender differences through a new or existing case. They can also be an educational resource for faculty.
Free PowerPoint slide sets are available to download by health condition from the Sex and Gender Specific Health Website sponsored by the Laura W. Bush Institute for Women’s Health.
This library is intended to be a resource for faculty to introduce and reinforce the importance of sex- and gender-based medical research in a variety of health topics. Slide sets are available for download as a whole topic or according to subtopics and are searchable by keywords.
Vimeo Video. A brief history of how medical knowledge has been based on research in men and the opportunity to study health issues in women. Concludes with a discussion of a new program in gender specific medicine in emergency care at Brown. By Dr. Alyson J McGregor.
HIV Prevention Toolkit for Women
This E-Learning Course focuses on the following topics:
- The differences between sex, gender and sexuality
- Gender as a key social determinant of health
- The impact of gender on HIV risk and vulnerability
- The importance of developing gender-responsive programming
- The essential elements of gender-responsive programming
Audience: This course is intended for program planners and managers who are involved in designing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating HIV prevention and care programs.Access the Gender Training Module
The Gender Lens Tool
The Gender Lens Tool can be used to identify gaps and differences in health information from a gender perspective. By using a Gender Lens, we can examine any area of the medical literature with gender inmind and can create a health based framework to consider how the multiple [biopsychosocial] spheres of influence contribute to a woman’s health:
- social structure
- economic factors
Incidence and prevalence, diagnosis, risk factors, treatment efficacy, and disease progression are all influenced by gender. Like using a pair of glasses to correct our vision, the Gender Lens Tool helps focus our attention on gender differences and identify aspects of medical care and disease that require further research.
The Gender Lens Tool helps us close gaps in medical knowledge to improve health outcomes at the population level. Become familiar with The Gender Lens Tool and apply it to other problems in medicine and health care — begin to practice from a perspective informed by an understanding of gender and health.
Using the Gender Lens Tool
Use this tool to guide the exploration of your clinical topic.
- STEP 1: Choose a clinical area (eg. asthma, lung cancer, diabetes) and fill in the Gender Lens Tool
- STEP 2: ARE THERE GENDER DIFFERENCES? If not, you may need to do a literature search
- STEP 3: WHAT FACTORS MIGHT CONTRIBUTE TO THESE DIFFERENCES?
Hypothesize as to which biological and gender factors might contribute to the differences that you havediscovered to see if there is any information available in the literature to support your hypotheses,appreciating that there is likely to be significant gaps in our knowledge.
- STEP 4: IDENTIFY THE GAPS, ADDRESS THE GAPS
Engage your colleagues, your teachers, your friends and as well the internet to gather data that may begin to fill the holes in understanding and knowledge
Teaching guide basics about sex and gender medicine. Authored at Monash University, Australia.
Sex and Gender-based Analysis [E-Learning]
The Atlantic Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada developed and shares this website, featuring a series of free tutorials that allow users to explore the core concepts (sex, gender, diversity and equity) and process (issues, populations, evidence, implications and recommendations) of Sex and Gender Based Analysis (SGBA).
Access the 2009 publication: Rising to the Challenge: Sex- and Gender-based Analysis for Health Planning, Policy, and Research in Canada. The confusion surrounding sex- and gender-based analysis prompted them to develop a new resource that describes the concepts and process of SGBA, and provides many case studies and commentaries to illustrate SGBA in action. While there are many resources available on SGBA, they believe that this volume was an important contribution to the field for a number of reasons. First, the book represents a timely response to a growing demand for sex- and gender-based analysis. Second, it complements introductory guides and checklists – which comprise the majority of SGBA materials – by inviting people like you to join in a deeper discussion about the changing meanings of “sex” and “gender” and their roles in health and society. Third, it treats SGBA as a flexible process, rather than a fixed template or checklist, making it more useful to a wider audience. Finally, the case studies offer concrete examples of SGBA and are based largely on Canadian data that will be familiar and relevant to many of you reading this.
To Access Tutorials and other Resources: Click SGBA
Template for Creating Sex and Gender Cases
Word Count: 800-1000
- Case Overview
Briefly explain the relevance of this Patient Case study in demonstrating a specific sex and/or gender specific concern and identify clinical challenge
- Pertinent Medical History
- Relevant Vital Signs
- Laboratory Evaluation
- Physical Exam
- Follow Up
- References. You Must Use AMA Citation Format.
Example, Smith J, Canton EM. Weight-based administration of dalteparin in obese patients. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2003;60(7):683-687.
Submit Case presentations to Tracy Madsen, In This Case Editor, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Peer Reviewed Lecture Series
Basic sex and gender based health courses and a series in Emergency Medicine
Gender Specific Emergency Care
Considerations for Research and Practice to Provide the Best Emergency Care
Peer-reviewed Lecture Series (PeRLs) 2013
The Science of Sex and Gender in Human Health is an online course created by the NIH Office of Research on Women’s Health and the Food and Drug Administration. Courses include: The Basic Science and the Biological Basis for Sex- and Gender-Related Differences, Sex and Gender Differences in Health and Behavior, and The Influence of Sex and Gender on Disease Expression and Treatment.
Curriculum Guides and Examples
Curriculum guides and programs in general women’s health, medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, etc.
Women’s Health Curricula: Final Report on Expert Panel Recommendations for Interprofessional Collaboration across the Health Professions
The report highlights a model for women’s health content, outlining five key content areas and three theoretical perspectives. Key content areas include wellness and prevention, biological considerations, selected conditions, behavioral health, and the role of the health professional. Across the health professions, key examples of conditions that are disproportionately found among women or for which the diagnosis or treatment may differ from men are highlighted.
By Donna Grant Mills, Howard University College of Dentistry. PowerPoint Slide set. Approximate date: 2015. The case for integrating women’s health and teaching sex and gender differences in the dental school curriculum, using an IPE approach.
Medical Training in Women’s Health
Davisson L , Nuss M, Bruno C, Long M, Warden M, Manivannan S, et al. Women’s Health Tutorial. MedEdPORTAL; 2009.
For Access, Go To: MedED
September 27, 2017
This curricular framework outlines core competencies and performance-based learning objectives for use in either dedicated courses on women’s health or in conjunction with other pharmacy courses. The curriculum is designed to be flexible in order to keep up with the ever-changing knowledge about women’s health issues and provides multiple online resources to enhance discussions on the competencies and objectives. We will continually update and add to this framework and welcome your suggestions for topic areas and resource inclusion, which can be made by contacting Dr. Ruth E. Nemire, AACP associate executive vice president. We hope you and your students benefit from this curriculum, and use it and its resources in creative ways. Developed through a partnership between AACP and the FDA’s Office of Women’s Health.
Health Professions Training, Education, and Competency: Women’s Health in the Pharmacy School Curriculum
HRSA Office of Women’s Health. Women’s health issues are central to efforts that improve public health; interdisciplinary and interprofessional collaboration are key to such efforts.
May 21, 2014
Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health.
Women’s Health in the Dental School Curriculum 2012: Survey Report and Recommendations – for download and not a new web page. The 2000 version of this report is HERE. A link to the 2015 web page with resources is HERE.
Webpage from ADEA Syposium. Includes powerpoint presentations.
Created by Dr. Neelum T. Aggarwal
Sex-based differences in physiology: what should we teach in the medical curriculum? Blair, M. L. (2007). Advances in physiology education, 31(1), 23-25. There are sex-based differences in the physiology and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and immune systems as well as the cellular mechanisms of sex steroid hormone actions on non-reproductive tissues. The article contains links to slides and powerpoints.
Women’s Health Curriculum for Internal Medicine Residents: Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. Davisson, L., Nuss, M., & Cottrell, S. (2010). Journal of graduate medical education, 2(3), 398-403. Women‘s health knowledge and skills are important for physicians, but training is often inadequate. The objective of this project was to develop, implement, and evaluate a women‘s health curriculum for an internal medicine residency program.
Meeting the Need for Women’s Health Training in Gastroenterology: Creation of a Women’s Digestive Disorders Program at Brown University
Meeting the need for women’s health training in gastroenterology: creation of a women’s digestive disorders program at Brown University. Saha, S., & Esposti, S. D. (2010). Journal of Women’s Health, 19(7), 1409-1415. Despite training requirements, knowledge and self-efficacy in women’s health issues remain inadequate in many fields. In gastroenterology, nearly 60% of patients are women, and many disorders are more common in women. Adequate training in gastrointestinal (GI) women’s health is, therefore, critical for gastroenterologists.
Surveys and Evaluations of Curricula
Surveys and evaluations of curricula regarding sex and gender competencies
October 28, 2011
Survey Results & Analysis for Gender Specific & Women’s Health Curriculum National Survey. Laura W. Bush Institute for Women’s Health at Texas Tech University Health Sciences. The survey was implemented in 2011. The survey instrument and results are presented. Despite advances, women’s health is still primarily defined as and taught with a focus to ob/gyn and reproductive care.
June 9, 2012
Evaluating sex and gender competencies in the medical curriculum: a case study. Gender medicine, 9(3), 180-186. Miller, V. M., Flynn, P. M., & Lindor, K. D. Gender medicine, 9(3), 180-186. Sex and gender differences exist in the manifestation and prevalence of many conditions and diseases. Yet many clinician training programs neglect to integrate this information across their curricula. This study aimed to measure the sex and gender medical knowledge of medical students enrolled in a program without an explicit directive to integrate sex and gender differences across a block system of core subjects.
Philosophy of the Biopsychosocial Model as relevant to sex and gender based health
The biopsychosocial model is an approach that enables educators to integrate both sex and gender into curricula because sex is a biological variable and gender is a psychosocial and sociocultural variable.
Guides for how to integrate sex and gender content into your organization’s curriculum
The proceedings provide information, examples and resources for all health professions educators to advance integration of sex and gender content into their own organizations.
February 9, 2013
Implementing a new model of integrated women’s health in academic health centers: lessons learned from the National Centers of Excellence in Women’s Health. Gwinner, V. M., Strauss Iii, J. F., Milliken, N., & Donoghue, G. D. The National Centers of Excellence in Women’s Health Program (CoE) represents a new model for women’s health in academic health centers that unites women’s health research, teaching, clinical care, public education and outreach, and career advancement for women in the health sciences. Lessons learned from the first 3 years: transformation requires institutional commitment, dedicated players, and an ability to build on existing resources and bring added value to the institution. Challenges and strategies are also discussed.
Sex and Gender Differences
Biology of Sex Differences considers manuscripts on all aspects of the effects of sex on biology and disease. Sex has profound effects on physiology and the susceptibility to disease. The function of cells and organs depends on their sex, determined by the interplay among the genome and biological and social environments. The study of sex differences is a discipline in itself, with its own concepts and methods that apply across tissues. Biology of Sex Differences is the official journal of the Organization for the Study of Sex Differences, and a publication of the Society for Women’s Health Research.
Gender and the Genome is a peer reviewed, open access journal that provides evidence-based original research, reviews, perspectives, and commentaries that illuminate the impact of biological sex on technology and its effects on human life. The journal is the official journal of the Foundation for Gender-Specific Medicine, the International Society for Gender-Specific Medicine, and the Israeli Society for Gender-and Sex Conscious Medicine. The Journal’s international editorial board is comprised of the most forward-thinking leaders in gender-specific medicine to engage the community of molecular biologists, engineers, ethicists, anthropologists, and legal experts in a dialogue about the nature and implications of 21st century technology.
Women’s Health with Gender Included
The Journal of Women’s Health is the primary source of information for meeting the challenges of providing optimal health care for women throughout their lifespan. The Journal delivers cutting-edge advancements in diagnostic procedures, therapeutic protocols for the management of diseases, and innovative research in gender-based biology that impacts patient care and treatment.
Women’s Health Issues (WHI) is a peer-reviewed, bimonthly, multidisciplinary journal that publishes research and review manuscripts related to women’s health care and policy. As the official journal of the Jacobs Institute of Women’s Health, it is dedicated to improving the health and health care of all women throughout the lifespan and in diverse communities. The journal seeks to inform health services researchers, health care and public health professionals, social scientists, policymakers, and others concerned with women’s health.